Dentures are prosthetic devices that are used to replace missing teeth. The surrounding soft and hard tissues of the oral cavity support them. They are teeth made by the dentist and secured to a plate that fits over your gums. Some people have full plates, which means they have no teeth and have all their upper and lower teeth on two plates. These can be permanent and unable to be removed, but there are also dentures that you take out every night.
You can also have partial dentures, which means there are one or more teeth on a plate and not the whole row or upper or lower teeth. There are also two types of partial dentures - the first being the removable partial dentures, and the second being fixed partial dentures. The removable partial dentures are used by people who are missing some teeth and require replacement teeth for functional or aesthetic reasons. This type of denture is used when people cannot have a bridge for any number of reasons. The removable dentures are preferred to the fixed dentures because it gives people the option to remove and insert the dentures when they need to. Fixed and partial dentures are known as a crown or a bridge. This type of denture is the more expensive form of dentures.
The use of dentures dates as far back as 7000 BC when the Etruscans in Italy made dentures out of human or animal teeth. These were easy to produce but they did not last long and they deteriorated very quickly. These were very popular until the early 19th Century. The first European dentures were dated back the 15th Century. It is suspected that they were used long before this however. The European form of dentures was carved from ivory and was uncomfortable. The first porcelain dentures were made around 1770 by Alexis Duchateau. These were patented in 1791 and they were first sold in 1792. Single teeth porcelain dentures were made and sold in 1808.
There are some problems associated with using dentures. The main one is that they are uncomfortable at first as they feel different and are often hard to get used to. People often find it hard when they first try to eat food when they get their dentures. They complain that they do not taste the food in the mouth the same way as they did before they got dentures. Also, people have reported that the new dentures rub against the roof of their mouth and cause sore spots to develop. This can be corrected with a few minor adjustments to the dentures and after a while people become used to wearing them.